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美国农业保险发展及收入保险研究

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月17日 01:04:01
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(田)(菁)(魏)(柏)(林)(张)(琅)(袁)(佳)(子)(
一)(、美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(现)(状)(
(一)()美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(发)(展)(过)(程)(
1.美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(产)(品)(分)(类)(及)(覆)(盖)(率)(变)(化)(
美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(保)(费)(收)(入)(从)(1989年)(的)(8.1亿)(美)(元)(增)(长)(至)(2016年)(的)(93.3亿)(美)(元)(,取)(得)(了)(令)(人)(瞩)(目)(的)(发)(展)(,从)(美)(国)(农)(业)(部)(公)(布)(的)(数)(据)(来)(看)(,几)(乎)(98%以)(上)(都)(是)(种)(植)(险)(。美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(基)(本)(出)(现)(了)(4个)(高)(增)(速)(期)(,分)(别)(是)(1989年)(、1995年)(、2007—2008年)(及)(2011年)(。1989年)(,美)(国)(全)(面)(铺)(开)(产)(量)(保)(险)(试)(点)(;1994年)(,美)(国)(农)(业)(部)(要)(求)(农)(民)(在)(购)(买)(农)(业)(保)(险)(前)(提)(下)(才)(能)(获)(得)(自)(然)(灾)(害)(救)(助)(,导)(致)(次)(年)(农)(业)(保)(险)(购)(买)(规)(模)(猛)(增)(;2011年)(,开)(展)(变)(革)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)((RevenueProtection,RP),农)(业)(保)(险)(总)(保)(费)(规)(模)(首)(次)(突)(破)(100亿)(美)(元)(;2016—2017年)(,美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(年)(均)(保)(费)(保)(持)(在)(90亿)(美)(元)(左)(右)(,业)(务)(发)(展)(稳)(定)(。
根)(据)(对)(1989—2016年)(美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(市)(场)(所)(有)(产)(品)(的)(条)(款)(内)(容)(和)(保)(障)(范)(围)(的)(查)(阅)(及)(统)(计)(分)(析)(,美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(产)(品)(可)(大)(致)(分)(为)(五)(大)(类)(,分)(别)(是)(产)(量)(类)(保)(险)(、收)(入)(类)(保)(险)(、区)(域)(性)(保)(险)(、指)(数)(类)(保)(险)(和)(其)(他)(。
美)(国)(从)(1996年)(开)(始)(逐)(步)(试)(点)(发)(展)(收)(入)(保)(险)(,用)(了)(大)(约)(8年)(时)(间)(开)(发)(和)(试)(验)(各)(类)(收)(入)(保)(险)(产)(品)(,2003年)(开)(始)(在)(全)(国)(普)(遍)(推)(广)(。1996年)(,农)(作)(物)(收)(入)(类)(保)(险)(合)(计)(保)(费)(占)(总)(保)(费)(的)(份)(额)(为)(7.9%,到)(2016年)(合)(计)(占)(比)(增)(长)(至)(80.6%(见)(图)(2)。从)(不)(同)(保)(障)(保)(险)(覆)(盖)(面)(积)(来)(看)(,1996年)(农)(作)(物)(收)(入)(类)(保)(险)(面)(积)(覆)(盖)(率)(为)(5.7%,承)(保)(面)(积)(为)(1165.4英)(亩)(,之)(后)(逐)(年)(递)(增)(,到)(2016年)(已)(上)(升)(至)(68.1%,承)(保)(面)(积)(达)(到)(1.97亿)(英)(亩)((见)(图)(3)。
美)(国)(区)(域)(性)(保)(障)(保)(险)(从)(1993年)(开)(始)(实)(施)(,业)(务)(也)(逐)(年)(扩)(展)(,产)(品)(类)(型)(大)(致)(分)(为)(区)(域)(性)(收)(入)(类)(保)(险)(和)(区)(域)(性)(产)(量)(类)(保)(险)(。2011年)(开)(始)(实)(施)(指)(数)(类)(保)(险)(后)(,区)(域)(性)(保)(障)(保)(险)(占)(比)(有)(所)(下)(降)(。指)(数)(类)(保)(险)(可)(分)(为)(降)(雨)(指)(数)(保)(险)(和)(植)(被)(指)(数)(保)(险)(,2016年)(,降)(雨)(指)(数)(保)(险)(业)(务)(占)(比)(超)(过)(区)(域)(性)(保)(障)(保)(险)(。
2.美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(产)(品)(改)(革)(与)(创)(新)(
根)(据)(美)(国)(农)(业)(部)(发)(布)(的)(业)(务)(数)(据)(及)(产)(品)(统)(计)(数)(据)(,美)(国)(近)(三)(十)(年)(来)(对)(农)(业)(保)(险)(产)(品)(的)(形)(式)(开)(展)(了)(四)(次)(改)(造)(和)(创)(新)(工)(作)(。
2011年)(增)(设)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(和)(产)(量)(保)(护)(保)(险)((YieldProtection,YP),对)(通)(用)(农)(作)(物)(保)(险)(基)(本)(规)(定)(作)(了)(变)(更)(,改)(为)(大)(麦)(、油)(菜)(籽)(、玉)(米)(、棉)(花)(、高)(粱)(、大)(米)(、大)(豆)(、向)(日)(葵)(和)(小)(麦)(提)(供)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(和)(产)(量)(保)(护)(保)(险)(。
2014年)(,美)(国)(新)(设)(地)(域)(风)(险)(保)(障)(概)(念)(,新)(增)(区)(域)(收)(入)(风)(险)(保)(障)(保)(险)((AreaRiskProtectionInsurance,ARPI),取)(代)(了)(原)(有)(的)(集)(团)(风)(险)(计)(划)((GroupRiskPlan,GRP)和)(集)(团)(风)(险)(收)(入)(保)(护)(计)(划)((GroupRiskIncomeProtectionPlan,GRIP),增)(加)(区)(域)(收)(入)(保)(障)(保)(险)((AreaRevenueProtection,ARP)、区)(域)(收)(入)(保)(险)(-排)(除)(成)(交)(价)((AreaRevenueProtection-HarvestPrice,ARP-HPE)和)(区)(域)(产)(量)(保)(险)((AreaYieldProtection,AYP)。
2015年)(,美)(国)(创)(新)(开)(办)(了)(县)(级)(农)(作)(物)(保)(险)(政)(策)(基)(础)(上)(的)(附)(加)(保)(障)(保)(险)((SupplementalCoverageOption,SCO),针)(对)(棉)(花)(生)(产)(者)(专)(门)(推)(出)(棉)(花)(损)(失)(堆)(叠)(收)(入)(保)(护)(计)(划)((StackedIncomeProtectionPlan,STAX),并)(提)(供)(了)(一)(项)(基)(于)(整)(个)(农)(场)(的)(农)(作)(物)(保)(险)(政)(策)(——农)(场)(整)(体)(收)(入)(保)(障)(计)(划)((WholeFarmRevenueProtection,WFRP)。
2016年)(,美)(国)(发)(展)(了)(农)(作)(物)(生)(产)(边)(际)(保)(障)(计)(划)((MarginProtection,MP),这)(是)(一)(个)(基)(于)(区)(域)(生)(产)(数)(据)(的)(保)(险)(计)(划)(,当)(生)(产)(者)(的)(预)(期)(生)(产)(边)(际)(发)(生)(意)(外)(损)(失)(时)(,将)(获)(得)(赔)(付)(。该)(计)(划)(可)(以)(为)(生)(产)(者)(提)(供)(一)(揽)(子)(的)(风)(险)(保)(障)(,包)(括)(收)(获)(期)(价)(格)(下)(跌)(、产)(量)(损)(失)(、投)(入)(成)(本)(上)(升)(或)(者)(上)(述)(因)(素)(混)(合)(引)(起)(的)(收)(入)(损)(失)(。作)(为)(区)(域)(产)(量)(保)(险)(计)(划)(的)(一)(种)(,农)(作)(物)(生)(产)(边)(际)(保)(障)(计)(划)(得)(到)(同)(等)(水)(平)(的)(费)(率)(支)(持)(,于)(2016年)(在)(试)(点)(州)(、县)(的)(玉)(米)(、稻)(谷)(、大)(豆)(和)(小)(麦)(四)(种)(农)(作)(物)(上)(实)(施)(。
(二)()产)(品)(形)(式)(分)(析)(
美)(国)(农)(业)(保)(险)(产)(品)(条)(款)(中)(保)(障)(程)(度)(是)(一)(个)(很)(重)(要)(的)(指)(标)(,每)(个)(产)(品)(都)(需)(要)(农)(户)(在)(各)(条)(款)(保)(障)(范)(围)(区)(间)(内)(选)(取)(想)(要)(投)(保)(的)(保)(障)(比)(例)(,保)(费)(计)(算)(方)(法)(可)(分)(为)(以)(下)(两)(类)(。
(1)产)(量)(保)(险)(
保)(险)(费)(=每)(亩)(目)(标)(产)(量)(保)(险)(面)(积)(保)(障)(程)(度)(目)(标)(价)(格)(农)(户)(选)(取)(价)(格)(比)(例)((55%-100%)投)(保)(人)(所)(占)(土)(地)(份)(额)(费)(率)(费)(率)(调)(整)(系)(数)(
(2)收)(入)(保)(险)(
保)(险)(费)(=每)(亩)(目)(标)(产)(量)(保)(险)(面)(积)(保)(障)(程)(度)(max(目)(标)(价)(格)(,收)(获)(价)(格)()投)(保)(人)(所)(占)(土)(地)(份)(额)(费)(率)(费)(率)(调)(整)(系)(数)(
二)(、美)(国)(农)(业)(收)(入)(保)(险)(分)(析)(
(一)()收)(入)(类)(业)(务)(保)(障)(目)(标)(及)(产)(品)(种)(类)(
截)(至)(2016年)(,美)(国)(有)(11种)(收)(入)(保)(障)(保)(险)(,合)(计)(业)(务)(占)(比)(为)(80.6%。2011—2016年)(,这)(11种)(收)(入)(保)(障)(保)(险)(业)(务)(占)(比)(情)(况)(如)(表)(2所)(示)(,主)(要)(集)(中)(于)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(,占)(比)(均)(在)(75%以)(上)(。
收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(是)(保)(障)(投)(保)(人)(因)(自)(然)(灾)(害)(如)(干)(旱)(、极)(度)(潮)(湿)(、冰)(雹)(、大)(风)(、霜)(、害)(虫)(和)(疾)(病)(等)(自)(然)(灾)(害)(造)(成)(的)(产)(量)(损)(失)(,以)(及)(由)(于)(目)(标)(价)(格)(和)(成)(交)(价)(格)(变)(动)(造)(成)(的)(收)(入)(损)(失)(。
农)(场)(主)(可)(根)(据)(可)(保)(作)(物)(选)(择)(预)(计)(平)(均)(产)(量)(保)(障)(程)(度)(进)(行)(投)(保)(,一)(般)(为)(50%~70%(局)(部)(地)(区)(达)(到)(85%)。目)(标)(价)(格)(和)(成)(交)(价)(格)(完)(全)(依)(据)(商)(品)(交)(易)(所)(价)(格)(规)(定)((CommodityExchangePriceProvisions,CEPP)和)(期)(货)(合)(约)(的)(日)(均)(结)(算)(价)(来)(决)(定)(。保)(险)(金)(额)(的)(计)(算)(方)(法)(是)(选)(取)(目)(标)(价)(格)(和)(成)(交)(价)(格)(中)(的)(较)(大)(者)(乘)(以)(目)(标)(产)(量)(及)(保)(障)(程)(度)(。当)(实)(际)(产)(量)(乘)(以)(成)(交)(价)(格)(低)(于)(保)(险)(金)(额)(,投)(保)(人)(根)(据)(差)(额)(支)(付)(赔)(款)(。
(二)()收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(农)(作)(物)(业)(务)(分)(析)(
从)(农)(作)(物)(来)(看)(,收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(业)(务)(保)(费)(绝)(大)(比)(例)(分)(布)(在)(玉)(米)(、大)(豆)(、小)(麦)(、棉)(花)(上)(。从)(2011—2016年)(各)(农)(作)(物)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(业)(务)(情)(况)(来)(看)(,玉)(米)(、大)(豆)(、小)(麦)(保)(费)(收)(入)(占)(比)(及)(承)(保)(面)(积)(覆)(盖)(率)(均)(逐)(年)(递)(增)(;2015年)(和)(2016年)(开)(办)(了)(棉)(花)(堆)(叠)(收)(入)(保)(险)(,导)(致)(该)(作)(物)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(保)(费)(占)(比)(有)(所)(下)(降)(。2016年)(,四)(类)(农)(作)(物)(的)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(保)(费)(收)(入)(占)(各)(自)(作)(物)(农)(业)(保)(险)(总)(保)(费)(收)(入)(的)(91.9%,四)(类)(农)(作)(物)(的)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(承)(保)(面)(积)(覆)(盖)(率)(合)(计)(为)(88.5%,四)(大)(农)(作)(物)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(已)(基)(本)(覆)(盖)(整)(体)(农)(业)(保)(险)(业)(务)(90%以)(上)(。从)(数)(据)(趋)(势)(上)(来)(看)(,农)(户)(选)(取)(的)(保)(障)(范)(围)(较)(为)(集)(中)(,趋)(势)(逐)(年)(提)(高)(。美)(国)(收)(入)(保)(护)(保)(险)(自)(2011年)(开)(办)(以)(来)(,整)(体)(平)(均)(费)(率)(水)(平)(一)(直)(维)(持)(在)(10%左)(右)(,2016年)(费)(率)(水)(平)(为)(10.2%。从)(农)(作)(物)(角)(度)(来)(看)(,费)(率)(由)(低)(到)(高)(分)(别)(是)(大)(豆)(、玉)(米)(、小)(麦)(、棉)(花)(。
三)(、我)(国)(收)(入)(类)(保)(险)(发)(展)(的)(政)(策)(背)(景)(
为)(保)(护)(种)(粮)(农)(民)(利)(益)(、粮)(食)(市)(场)(供)(应)(和)(国)(家)(粮)(食)(安)(全)(,我)(国)(从)(2005年)(开)(始)(实)(施)(稻)(谷)(最)(低)(收)(购)(价)(政)(策)(,2006年)(开)(始)(实)(施)(小)(麦)(最)(低)(收)(购)(价)(政)(策)(。2008—2014年)(,由)(于)(整)(体)(物)(价)(水)(平)(上)(涨)(较)(快)(,国)(家)(连)(续)(提)(高)(水)(稻)(、小)(麦)(最)(低)(收)(购)(价)(。2015年)(以)(后)(,水)(稻)(收)(购)(价)(有)(所)(下)(调)(。
从)(2008年)(开)(始)(,国)(家)(对)(玉)(米)(、大)(豆)(及)(油)(菜)(籽)(等)(重)(要)(农)(作)(物)(实)(施)(临)(时)(收)(储)(政)(策)(,旨)(在)(保)(护)(农)(民)(利)(益)(和)(发)(展)(粮)(油)(的)(积)(极)(性)(,维)(护)(市)(场)(稳)(定)(。对)(于)(玉)(米)(和)(大)(豆)(,国)(家)(实)(行)(不)(限)(量)(敞)(开)(收)(购)(。随)(着)(农)(业)(投)(入)(价)(格)(逐)(年)(提)(高)(,玉)(米)(和)(大)(豆)(临)(时)(收)(储)(价)(格)(逐)(年)(上)(调)(。与)(国)(际)(价)(格)(相)(比)(,国)(内)(外)(玉)(米)(、大)(豆)(价)(格)(倒)(挂)(现)(象)(严)(重)(,进)(而)(产)(生)(“洋)(货)(入)(市)(、国)(货)(入)(库)(”现)(象)(,国)(家)(粮)(库)(仓)(储)(和)(财)(政)(负)(担)(加)(重)(,农)(业)(产)(业)(链)(下)(游)(企)(业)(成)(本)(大)(幅)(提)(升)(。
在)(这)(种)(背)(景)(下)(,国)(家)(大)(力)(推)(进)(玉)(米)(、大)(豆)(、棉)(花)(等)(农)(产)(品)(价)(格)(形)(成)(机)(制)(和)(收)(储)(制)(度)(改)(革)(,于)(2014年)(取)(消)(大)(豆)(、棉)(花)(临)(时)(收)(储)(制)(度)(,启)(动)(目)(标)(价)(格)(改)(革)(试)(点)(;2015年)(取)(消)(油)(菜)(籽)(临)(时)(收)(储)(制)(度)(,改)(为)(由)(国)(家)(设)(立)(专)(项)(补)(贴)(直)(补)(油)(菜)(籽)(种)(植)(农)(民)(;2016年)(取)(消)(玉)(米)(临)(时)(收)(储)(制)(度)(;2017年)(取)(消)(大)(豆)(目)(标)(价)(格)(政)(策)(,改)(为)(实)(行)(市)(场)(化)(收)(购)(加)(补)(贴)(的)(生)(产)(者)(价)(补)(分)(离)(补)(贴)(制)(度)(,即)(遵)(循)(市)(场)(定)(价)(、价)(补)(分)(离)(原)(则)(,实)(行)(市)(场)(化)(收)(购)(+补)(贴)(机)(制)(,价)(格)(由)(市)(场)(形)(成)(,供)(求)(关)(系)(靠)(市)(场)(调)(节)(,国)(家)(对)(生)(产)(者)(给)(予)(一)(定)(的)(直)(接)(补)(贴)(,以)(保)(障)(种)(植)(者)(的)(基)(本)(收)(益)(。
四)(、我)(国)(收)(入)(保)(险)(发)(展)(建)(议)(
(一)()利)(用)(收)(入)(保)(险)(助)(推)(农)(产)(品)(价)(格)(改)(革)(
建)(议)(我)(国)(用)(收)(入)(保)(险)(替)(代)(现)(有)(的)(价)(格)(支)(持)(政)(策)(。一)(是)(收)(入)(保)(险)(作)(为)(市)(场)(化)(工)(具)(,运)(作)(更)(加)(规)(范)(、专)(业)(和)(透)(明)(,可)(以)(有)(效)(规)(避)(现)(行)(粮)(食)(价)(格)(制)(度)(的)(缺)(陷)(,让)(市)(场)(在)(资)(源)(配)(置)(中)(发)(挥)(主)(导)(作)(用)(,提)(升)(社)(会)(管)(理)(效)(率)(。二)(是)(收)(入)(保)(险)(分)(散)(转)(移)(了)(农)(业)(生)(产)(者)(面)(临)(的)(自)(然)(风)(险)(和)(价)(格)(波)(动)(风)(险)(,保)(障)(程)(度)(可)(覆)(盖)(生)(产)(的)(物)(化)(成)(本)(和)(地)(租)(成)(本)(、人)(工)(成)(本)(和)(部)(分)(收)(益)(,相)(对)(于)(传)(统)(的)(物)(化)(成)(本)(保)(险)(和)(单)(一)(的)(产)(量)(、价)(格)(保)(险)(,对)(农)(民)(的)(风)(险)(保)(障)(程)(度)(更)(为)(全)(面)(。三)(是)(收)(入)(保)(险)(能)(有)(效)(发)(挥)(保)(险)(机)(制)(在)(粮)(食)(面)(积)(产)(量)(核)(实)(、及)(时)(赔)(付)(以)(及)(信)(息)(公)(开)(透)(明)(等)(方)(面)(的)(独)(特)(优)(势)(,提)(高)(保)(费)(补)(贴)(资)(金)(的)(惠)(农)(效)(率)(。四)(是)(收)(入)(保)(险)(符)(合)(世)(界)(贸)(易)(组)(织)(“绿)(箱)(”农)(业)(补)(贴)(规)(则)(,应)(用)(空)(间)(广)(阔)(。
(二)()尽)(快)(出)(台)(收)(入)(保)(险)(保)(费)(补)(贴)(政)(策)(
收)(入)(保)(险)(的)(保)(障)(程)(度)(较)(高)(,农)(户)(承)(担)(的)(保)(费)(较)(多)(,从)(近)(几)(年)(收)(入)(保)(险)(试)(点)(情)(况)(看)(,大)(部)(分)(地)(区)(为)(商)(业)(性)(运)(作)(,少)(部)(分)(地)(区)(为)(财)(政)(补)(贴)(运)(作)(,农)(户)(需)(要)(承)(担)(全)(部)(或)(大)(部)(分)(保)(费)(,投)(保)(意)(愿)(严)(重)(不)(足)(,成)(为)(制)(约)(收)(入)(保)(险)(发)(展)(的)(主)(要)(原)(因)(。因)(此)(,建)(议)(一)(是)(将)(关)(系)(国)(计)(民)(生)(的)(主)(要)(粮)(棉)(油)(作)(物)(的)(收)(入)(保)(险)(纳)(入)(中)(央)(财)(政)(保)(费)(补)(贴)(品)(种)(,二)(是)(对)(于)(地)(方)(特)(色)(农)(产)(品)(收)(入)(保)(险)(,建)(议)(由)(地)(方)(财)(政)(给)(予)(保)(费)(补)(贴)(。
(三)()进)(一)(步)(完)(善)(数)(据)(发)(现)(机)(制)(
收)(入)(保)(险)(经)(营)(的)(前)(提)(依)(赖)(于)(完)(善)(的)(产)(量)(和)(价)(格)(的)(收)(集)(、发)(布)(机)(制)(,否)(则)(难)(以)(开)(展)(。由)(于)(我)(国)(农)(产)(品)(生)(产)(监)(测)(及)(市)(场)(销)(售)(机)(制)(严)(重)(缺)(失)(,与)(美)(国)(健)(全)(的)(体)(系)(差)(距)(较)(大)(,如)(果)(我)(国)(完)(全)(照)(搬)(美)(国)(收)(入)(保)(险)(的)(运)(作)(模)(式)(,将)(难)(以)(适)(应)(我)(国)(的)(农)(业)(保)(险)(市)(场)(。因)(此)(,为)(探)(索)(出)(符)(合)(我)(国)(国)(情)(的)(收)(入)(保)(险)(发)(展)(路)(径)(,一)(是)(建)(议)(有)(关)(部)(门)(为)(保)(险)(行)(业)(公)(开)(发)(布)(粮)(食)(生)(产)(销)(售)(数)(据)(和)(历)(史)(价)(格)(数)(据)(,为)(粮)(食)(价)(格)(保)(险)(的)(产)(品)(设)(计)(和)(理)(赔)(提)(供)(支)(持)(。二)(是)(由)(于)(我)(国)(粮)(食)(价)(格)(支)(持)(体)(系)(本)(质)(是)(国)(家)(对)(粮)(食)(价)(格)(的)(“兜)(底)(”,造)(成)(我)(国)(粮)(食)(价)(格)(市)(场)(形)(成)(机)(制)(长)(期)(严)(重)(扭)(曲)(,导)(致)(农)(户)(丧)(失)(了)(对)(收)(入)(保)(险)(的)(需)(求)(。建)(议)(取)(消)(当)(前)(粮)(食)(价)(格)(保)(护)(制)(度)(,激)(活)(粮)(食)(市)(场)(化)(交)(易)(,发)(挥)(市)(场)(自)(由)(定)(价)(作)(用)(,完)(善)(市)(场)(的)(价)(格)(发)(现)(功)(能)(。
(四)()健)(全)(农)(产)(品)(期)(货)(市)(场)(
收)(入)(保)(险)(可)(借)(助)(农)(产)(品)(期)(货)(市)(场)(,分)(散)(转)(移)(农)(业)(生)(产)(者)(面)(临)(的)(价)(格)(波)(动)(风)(险)(,改)(变)(原)(有)(的)(农)(产)(品)(价)(格)(风)(险)(转)(移)(方)(式)(和)(国)(家)(对)(农)(产)(品)(的)(价)(格)(补)(贴)(方)(式)(,将)(农)(产)(品)(现)(货)(市)(场)(集)(聚)(的)(价)(格)(波)(动)(风)(险)(精)(准)(地)(“消)(化)(”在)(保)(险)(+期)(货)(的)(“金)(融)(活)(水)(”中)(。美)(国)(的)(收)(入)(保)(险)(运)(作)(成)(功)(,很)(大)(程)(度)(上)(得)(益)(于)(其)(稳)(健)(的)(期)(货)(市)(场)(,因)(此)(,建)(议)(健)(全)(农)(产)(品)(期)(货)(市)(场)(定)(价)(机)(制)(,扩)(大)(粮)(食)(期)(货)(市)(场)(交)(易)(,发)(挥)(期)(货)(市)(场)(的)(价)(格)(发)(现)(和)(风)(险)(对)(冲)(功)(能)(,根)(据)(收)(入)(保)(险)(发)(展)(需)(要)(,开)(发)(农)(产)(品)(期)(货)(新)(品)(种)(,并)(根)(据)(保)(险)(产)(品)(设)(计)(和)(实)(际)(运)(行)(的)(需)(要)(适)(时)(调)(整)(交)(易)(规)(则)(。此)(外)(,应)(推)(动)(农)(产)(品)(期)(货)(场)(内)(期)(权)(品)(种)(上)(市)(。
摘)(自)(《保)(险)(理)(论)(与)(实)(践)(》2018年)(第)(2期)(
作)(者)(简)(介)(:
田)(菁)(,现)(就)(职)(于)(中)(国)(人)(民)(财)(产)(保)(险)(股)(份)(有)(限)(公)(司)(精)(算)(部)(/产)(品)(开)(发)(部)(,主)(要)(研)(究)(方)(向)(为)(保)(险)(精)(算)(;魏)(柏)(林)(,现)(任)(中)(国)(人)(民)(财)(产)(保)(险)(股)(份)(有)(限)(公)(司)(农)(村)(保)(险)(事)(业)(部)(/保)(险)(扶)(贫)(事)(业)(部)(总)(经)(理)(;张)(琅)(,现)(就)(职)(于)(中)(国)(人)(民)(财)(产)(保)(险)(股)(份)(有)(限)(公)(司)(精)(算)(部)(/产)(品)(开)(发)(部)(,主)(要)(研)(究)(方)(向)(为)(保)(险)(精)(算)(;袁)(佳)(子)(,现)(就)(职)(于)(中)(国)(人)(民)(财)(产)(保)(险)(股)(份)(有)(限)(公)(司)(精)(算)(部)(/产)(品)(开)(发)(部)(,主)(要)(研)(究)(方)(向)(为)(保)(险)(精)(算)(。
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